Early Settlement

Passages to the North West Plains by Michael O'Rourke.
Pages: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18




---, 1923: The first decade of the Australian Agricultural Company 1824-34, Journal of the Royal Australian Historical Society, 9 (3), 113-160.
---, 1928: John Howe’s exploratory journey from Windsor to the Hunter in 1819, Journal of the Royal Australian Historical Society, 14, 232-234.
---, 1968: Squatting on Crown Lands in NSW, ed. B Dowd. Sydney: Royal Australian Historical Society.
Judy CAMPBELL, 2002: Invisible Invaders: Smallpox and Other Diseases in Aboriginal Australia 1780-1880. Melbourne University Press.
H R CARTER, 1974: The Upper Mooki. Quirindi: Quirindi & District Historical Society.
John CONNOR, 2002: The Australian Frontier Wars 1788-1838. Sydney: University of NSW Press. (Not a general account, but rather a series of episodic chapters focussed on the limited role played by regular troops and police.)
E V (Tim) CRAMPTON, 22008: +20 [Plus Twenty:] remembering the forgotten. Rewriting Australian History: The untold stories of John Oxley‘s 1817 & 1818 Expeditions. E-book, published online, at http://gutenberg.net.au/pages/oxley.html.  
Allan CUNNINGHAM: Papers, 1814-1839: microform M692. National Library of Australia.
Cunningham website: ‘The Allan Cunningham Project’, at .
Peter CUNNINGHAM, 1827 [reprint 1966]: Two years in New South Wales / ed. by David S. Macmillan. Sydney: Angus & Robertson in association with the Royal Australian Historical Society.
Edward CURR, 1886-87: The Australian Race: its origin, languages, customs, place of landing in Australia, and  the routes by which it spread itself over that continent. Melbourne. John Ferres, Govt Printer. 1886-1887. Four volumes.
Henry DANGAR, 1828: Index and Directory to Map of the Country Bordering Upon The River Hunter. London, Joseph Cross.
Tamsin DONALDSON, 1980: Ngiyambaa, the language of the Wangaaybuwan. Cambridge University Press.
Walter John ENRIGHT, 1901: Aboriginal districts and notes [Location of Minyowie, Kurringgai, Darknung, WonnahRuah, Kamilaroi, Warrangine, Gringai; comments on difference in dialects], Science of Man n.s., v.4, no.5; 80-81.
W J ENRIGHT 1933: Further Notes on the Worimi, Mankind (Aug 1933),161 – 162. Avaibale online at www.newcastle.edu.au/service/archives/.../pdf/enrightaug1933.pdf
George FARWELL, 1973: Squatter's castle, the story of a pastoral dynasty : life and times of Edward David Stewart Ogilvie, 1814-96. Melbourne : Lansdowne,
J W FAWCETT, 1898: Notes on the customs and dialect of the Wonnah-Ruah tribe, Science of Man v.1, no.7, no.8; 152- 154, 180-181.
R.J. FENSHAM, & J.E.  HOLMAN, 1998: The use of the land survey record to assess changes in vegetation structure: A case study from the Darling Downs, Queensland, Australia, Rangeland Journal, 20, 132–142.
Lorimer FISON and A W HOWITT, 1880: Kamilaroi and Kurnai. Melbourne: George Robertson. Facsimile reprint 1977.
Brian FLETCHER, 1985: Ralph Darling: a governor maligned. Melbourne: Oxford University Press.
William FOSTER, 1985: Sir Thomas Livingston Mitchell and his world, 1792-1855 : surveyor general of New South Wales, 1828-1855. Sydney : Institution of Surveyors N.S.W.
William GARDNER, 1846: Unpublished: “Description of a Map of the Five Northern Districts (of) NSW beyond the boundaries of location”. In Calvert, J, Mineral and Topographical Survey, MS no. ZA3951. Original MS:  Mitchell Library, Sydney. The National Library in Canberra has a microform copy: ref. mfm G 6747-6748.
Nancy GRAY, 1975: The Promised Land : a summary of early settlement in the Shire of Scone. Scone and Upper Hunter Historical Society.
Henry GREEN, 1975: "The Pioneer Settlement of the Hunter River Valley 1821-1831". M.A. thesis, University of Newcastle. (I was not be able to sight this work.)
Charles Capel GREENWAY 1910: Kamilari [sic] tribe, Science of Man, a series of short artcles: v.11, no.9, 1910; 177-178; no.10; 197-198; no.11; 217-218; no.12;  236-238; v.12, no.1; 15-16; no.2; 35-36; no.3; 55-56; no.4; 76; no.5; 96; no.9; 175; no.10;  191; v.13, no.4; 85; no.5; 105; no.6; 125; no.9; 189.
Horatio HALE, 1846: United States Exploring Expedition. … Volume VI: Ethnography and Philology, by Horatio Hale, Philologist of the Expedition. [Philadelphia]: Lea and Blanchard. Available online 2009.
                 Hale wrongly calls the language he presents ‘Kamilarai’; in fact it was Wanneroo/Geawe-gal, as can be seen from ”kore” [sic: kuri] for ‘man’. In Kamilaroi, man was ‘murry’ [mari].
Pat HAMPTON, 1979: ‘The Convict Bushranging Era in the Hunter Valley’: The University of Newcastle History Club, Department of History. Available online at www.newcastle.edu.au/service/archives/.../pdf/PatHampton_1979.pdf.
John HOWE, [1819]: Hunter Journey: The Diary [1819] of John Howe, Free Settler and Chief Constable, Windsor NSW. With an introduction by D Waterson and T Parsons. Sydney: St Marks Press, 1989.
A W HOWITT, 1904: The Native Tribes of South East Australia. London: Macmillan. (The most comprehensive account of ‘traditional’ society, as it was remembered. Howitt obtained material on north-central New South Wales from Cyrus E Doyle, T E Lance, Charles Naseby, E R Vernon and others.)
HRA: Historical Records of Australia. Sydney : Library Committee of the Commonwealth Parliament, 1914-1925, 33 v. A multi-volume series of mainly official documents from the early 1800s: Governors’ dispatches, reports by Crown Lands Commissioners, etc. etc. Available in all major libraries.
Ion L. IDRIESS, 1953: The Red Chief: as told by the last of his tribe. Sydney : Angus & Robertson.
James JERVIS, 1954: William Lawson, explorer and pioneer [Mudgee-Goulburn River  region], Journal of the Royal Australian Historical Society, 40 (2), 65-93.
James JERVIS, 1962: Exploration and settlement of the north-western plains, Journal of the Royal Australian Historical Society, 48 (5), 377-394.
Paul JOHNSON, 1991: The Birth of the Modern: World Society 1815-1830. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson.
Richard JOHNSON, 2002: The Search for the Inland Sea: John Oxley, Explorer, 1783-1828. Melbourne University Press.
Ian KEEN, 2004: Aboriginal Society and Economy: Australia at the Threshold of Colonisation. Melbourne: Oxford University Press. (An excellent account of the differences among Aboriginal groups across the continent.)
Jan KOCIUMBAS, 1992: 1770-1860: Possessions. The Oxford history of Australia. Volume 2. Melbourne : Oxford University Press
J D LANG: 1852: An Historical and Statistical Account of New South Wales. Oxford University.
R D LANG, 2008: ‘Defining the original extent and floristic sequence of the naturally treeless grasslands of the Liverpool Plains’, Cunninghamia, 10(3) 407-421.
Lansdowne Press, 1971: Australia's heritage: the making of a nation. Ist edition. Sydney: Hamlyn. 14 volumes.
Ida LEE, 1925: Early Australian Explorers. London: Methuen.
Full text available online: http://gutenberg.net.au/ebooks03/0301141h.html and at http://www.artuccino.com/Allan_Cunningham/Ida_Lee/Index.html.
Harry LOURANDOS, 1977: Aboriginal spatial organisation and population: south-west Victoria reconsidered, Archaeology and Physical Anthropology in Oceania, 12 (3), 202-225.
Harry LOURANDOS, 1997: Continent of Hunter-Gatherers: New Perspectives in Australian Prehistory. Cambridge UK: Cambridge University Press.
Ian LUNT, Nigel Jones, Peter Spooner and Maree Petrow, 2006: Effects of European colonization on indigenous ecosystems: post-settlement changes in tree stand structures in Eucalyptus–Callitris woodlands in central New South Wales, Australia, Journal of Biogeography 33, 1102–1115.
        Available online (209) at csusap.csu.edu.au/.../2006a%20Luntetal%20EucPinedensities%20Biogeog.pdf.
Kath MAHAFFEY, 1980/82: Pioneers of the North West Plains. Volume One, 1980; Volume Two, 1982. Moree: Moree & District Historical Society.
Kath MAHAFFEY, 1984: "--and another reapeth" : Benjamin Singleton, pioneer of the Hawkesbury and Hunter's River, Liverpool Plains and the Macintyre. K.Mahaffey.
R H MATHEWS, 1897: ‘Burbung of the Darkinung Tribes’. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria 10 (New Series) (1):1-12. Online 2009 at www.newcastle.edu.au/service/archives/.../mathewsmar1897.pdf
Jennifer A McKINNON, "Convict Bushrangers in New South Wales, 1824-34". M.A. thesis, La Trobe University, 1979.
Robin McLACHLAN, 1981: ‘Far from the joyless galte’ [mpoianted polocie partiol onder Forbers 1833, Hemisphere 25 (6), 349-57
W G McMINN, 1970: Allan Cunningham, Botanist and Explorer. Melbourne University Press.
James, MILLER [now James Wilson-Miller], 1985: Koori, a will to win : the heroic resistance, survival & triumph of black Australia. Angus & Robertson, London; Sydney: 1985
Roger MILLISS, 1980: City on the Peel: a History of Tamworth and District 1818-1976. Sydney: Reed.
Roger MILLISS, 1992: Waterloo Creek: The Australia Day Massacre of 1838, George Gipps and the British Conquest of NSW. Ringwood, Vic: McPhee Gribble.
Thomas MITCHELL, 1839: Three Expeditions into the Interior of Eastern Australia, 2 vols; second edition. London: T W Boone. (Vol 1 relates the journey to Kamilaroi country in search of the Kindur River; vol 2, appendix, contains a short list of Gamilaraay words.)
The Monitor [Sydney newspaper], 1 Sept 1826. Online at http://www.newcastle.edu.au/service/archives/aboriginalstudies/1820-1829.html
Namoi CMA [Catchment Managemnst Authority] 2009: Riverine vegatation in the Namoi baidn, online at www.namoi.cma.nsw.gov.au/riverine_vegetation_in_the_namoi_catchment_may09.pdf
William NOWLAND, 1861: Letter, in Sydney Morning Herald, 23 January.
Edward OGILVIE, 1856: Diary of Travels in three quarters of the globe / by an Australian settler. London: Saunders and Otley. (Departing overseas, Ogilvie briefly stopped off at his father’s old property at ‘Merton, where he met a few surviving Kamilaroi people.)
Michael O’ROURKE, 1995: Raw Possum and Salted Pork: Major Mitchell and the Kamilaroi Aborigines. Kambah, ACT: the author. (Describes Surveyor-General Mitchell’s dealings with the Aborigines on his two northern journeys.)
Michael O’ROURKE, 1997: The Kamilaroi Lands: North-Central NSW in the Early 19th Century. Griffith, ACT: the author. (A full account of the traditional way of life, with an extended discussion of place-names and totem-names, etc, etc.)
Michael O'ROURKE,  2005:  "Sung for Generations": "Old" Joe Bungaree's tales about Red Kangaroo, an 18th  Century Gamilaraay "Big-Man" of the central Namoi River NSW : the "Red Chief" of Ion  Idriess... / documents transcribed, with commentary. Braddon, ACT.
     Also published online at www.scribd.com/doc/23310373/Red-Kangaroo-war-chief-of-Gunnedah-The-Ewing-Texts.
John OXLEY, 1820: Journals of Two Expeditions into the Interior of NSW in 1817 and 1818. London: John Murray.
Online at http://freeread.com.au/ebooks/e00037.txt.


Previous |  Content |  Next

Michael O'Rourke has kindly given us permission to reproduce this literary work in web form on this site.

Thank You!


Support local history


Would like to be a sponsor on this site?

Contact our administrator now!


Support local history