Kandos and Rylstone History P.5
"Their Service: Our Heritage"
Year 9 Kandos High School
Teachers: M/s Heather Rushton, M/s Sharon Frost, M/s Lina Wasson
Coordinator: Diane de St. Hilaire Simmonds;
Local Historical Representative: Pam O’Connor
World War I
Monday August 21, 2000.15am
Sidney George Robbins
Guests: Jack Penell, and Lola Phillips
Lola Phillip's father, and Jack's grandfather, Sidney George Robins, was in WW1. Both remember many stories passed down from Sidney, and the family have photographs and memorabilia. He was the first person in Rylstone to win a Military Medal, presented to him by King George V at Buckingham Palace. Sidney was in France when the war ended. Sidney was born at Rylstone, at 'Rawdon'. He had five brothers and four sisters. Five of the six brothers went to WWI. One was killed at Gallipoli. Sidney represented the AIF in England for Australia as a runner. The family still have his prize. Sidney had seven children. One died. Six were educated at Kandos High. All have excelled in life.
Thursday August 24, 12.10pm
Animals at War – Simpson and his Donkey; and Waler Horses
Guest: Ron Roberts
I organised with Helen & Graham Roberts and Deidre Thomson to bring a donkey to the school so that the students could get the feel of leading someone, who may be sick, along on a donkey. Unfortunately, the day set turned out to be freezing snowy cold and raining, so the donkey could not be brought. Mr. Ron Roberts came and spoke to the students on Waler horses. I had some background information about them also. The students were challenged to go home and find some information from their families of World War 1 Light Horse Brigade veterans who may have taken their own horse with them to war.
We also looked at animals at war - doves, dogs, hawks etc. with many photographs downloaded from the Internet.
Thursday August 31, 2000. 11.20am
Guest: Mr. Laurie McLeod
Mr. McLeod was born in 1907 at Crown Street Women's Hospital. He was put on a doorstep a few days after that and raised by a foster family. When he was a boy, he remembers seeing the Anzacs going away. He remembers seeing them come home again when the war ended. He also remembers the soldiers’ funerals after the war. From the Sydney Military Hospital in Randwick, the funerals came to Taylor Square. They had a band, and he remembers hearing the music coming down Oxford Street as they marched to the Mortuary Station Central Railway, from where they took the bodies out to Rookwood. They carried the cask on a gun carriage, with the gun pointing backwards. Mr. McLeod lived in Goulburn Street, Surrey Hills, which was a working class suburb close to Oxford Street. He went to Crown Street School, and left at 14 to go to work at a bookshop in North George Street, EJ Dwyer. His foster mother's daughter married an ANZAC, Arthur William Hansen, of Norwegian origin, who was wounded at Gallipoli. He was shot in the behind, but it never crippled him. When Mr. McLeod was 18, he found his original family. His mother came from Glen Alice, and he was re-united with them.
Kandos – A World War 1 Veteran Town
Guest: Mr Keith Shumack
Kandos is virtually a war veteran in itself. German people helped to establish the Cement Works, for which Kandos was established, then WW1 broke out. The machinery badly needed to begin the Works was impounded and the Works had to get substitute machinery from the UK and USA. After the War, the Works redeemed their machinery and many immigrants came to work there. The theme of the lesson will be that Kandos survived this War caused disruption to the town, making the town itself a World War 1 Veteran.
We will look at the town of Kandos in this lesson and research what it was like in Kandos during WW1.
Monday September 4, 2000. 9.15am
Two Uncles in WW1
Guest: Jack Ferguson
Jack Ferguson had 2 uncles killed in France in WW1. He will talk about 'The Last Post', 'Reveille' and the flag.
Thursday September 7, 2000. 12.10pm
Whose side is God on?
Guest: Rev. Carla Archer
Carla Archer taught history in high schools for many years and is researching war history. Carla will be available to answer questions from the students, and lead them through a discussion on 'Whose side is God on?' among other ethical topics the students may want to discuss. Carla will bring her posters, particularly the one about the Kaiser.
We will also discuss women in war and the Red Cross here.
World War II
Thursday October 5, 2000. 11.20am
POW World War II
Guest: Laurie McLeod
Mr McLeod fought in WW11 and was a prisoner of war in Stalag 13. He tried to escape twice, and was captured both times.
Letters to the Guardian during WW1 re German Australians and peoples’ attitudes towards them.
Thursday November 16, 2000. 11.20am
Research at the Kandos Museum
Museum Guides: Marie Ford and Peg Butler
Students to visit the museum for hands-on experience of WW1 relics.
Monday November 20, 2000. 9.15am
Guest: Mrs Isabel Chrisfield
Mrs Chrisfield drove ambulances and other army vehicles in the Australian Women’s Army Service. She met the ships and trains driving the wounded to hospitals around Sydney. She also drove convalescents to homes hidden throughout the State.
A local site was at Duntryleague, Orange. She will also speak on her training and how difficult it was for the women to be recognised in a male orientated war.
Member of the British Empire and Royal Escort
Private Interview: Jim Nolan MBE and Leone Nolan
Warrant Officer of the Royal Australian Air Force, Jim received an OBE (Order of the British Empire) medal in 1969 for services to the Royal Australian Air Force during in war and peace. Jim has photos of himself with the Queen Elizabeth and Duke of Edinburgh in his duties. His Airforce uniform is in the Kandos Museum on display.
Leone was a child during the war. She remembers knitting socks at 4 years of age for the war effort, and making fruit cakes to send away. She remembers the class discrimination between the poor soldiers’ families who had to live on soldier wages, and the richer families whose men stayed behind in protected industries, thought to be earning big money. Leone 'got one up' on the rich children by taking chewing gum to school - a rare commodity brought home by her father on leave. Leone remembers the thrill of silk underwear - made from stolen silk parachutes the servicemen smuggled home. She remembers the hardships of the times - everything was 'made-over' (old clothes were remade into new clothes).
Thursday November 23, 2000. 12.10pm
WW11 – Navy and Air Force Servicemen
Guests: Jack Tindale and Jack Ferguson
Jack Tindale was in WW2, in the UK airforce. He went to England in the Royal Air Force, operated with the squadrons there. In 1942 he joined the Australian spitfires squadron on the Isle of Man. He spent 3 months at Red Hill in England and was sent to the Mid East, but he didn't get there. He was sent home to Darwin in January 1943, as there were great fears for Darwin. So he went from a very cold place to a very hot place. He was with the spitfires until 1944.
Jack Ferguson will share his war experiences both at home as a young teenager and later, as a serviceman in the Royal Australian Navy.
Thursday November 30, 2000. 11.20am
Guest: Mr. Val Wade
Mr. Val Wade was a member of the British forces. Mr. Wade has many funny memories of the antics they got up to in the war.
Mr. Wade served in Trieske. He had repatriation leave as they were due to be demogged. So they didn't send him back. They kept him at the depot. He went on trips, escorting prisoners of war. That took him through London and because he lived in London and his family was there, he used to sneak off to see them.
Local POW Camps and Mosquito Bombers
Guest: Mr. Reg & Mrs. Jenny Franks
Jenny speaks of immigrant internees and POWs working on their farming property during WW11 including their craft and the time they nearly killed themselves making custard with sheep dip.
Reg speaks of the VDC and local timber-getting of coach wood for making Mosquito Bombers at the Slazenger Tennis Racquet Factory at Richmond.
Monday December 4, 2000. 9.15am
Immigration and picking up the pieces after WW11
Guest: Mr Keith Shumack
Mending relations with Immigration after the war had a big impact on the Kandos Cement Works and the local community. Mr Shumack will speak about the Cowra Building as a Workers Hostel for the Kandos Cement Works and the different nationalities that have since made up the Kandos community.
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