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George Cox of Mulgoa and Mudgee: Letters to his sons
1846 – 49.
Wiradjuri Nation: The Cox family, the Wiradjuri Nation and Winbourne and Burrundulla. P.31
George Cox lived at Mulgoa, Sydney before he came to Mudgee. At the time of George Cox’ settlement on Winbourne, Mulgoa, it was known to be home to the Aboriginal tribe called Dharug, a peaceful tribe that lived and worked on Cox’ Winbourne estate.
The tribe did clash, however, with the neighbouring mountain tribe, the Gundungurra, especially during drought times when food was scarce. The Gundungurra tended to clash with Europeans, whereas the Dharug remained peaceful.
The Mulgoa Valley was the boundary between the two clans, who spoke different languages, however, the valley was used by both for food and the two shared trade, some ceremonies and the food and water available. Water came from the Nepean River.
There was much traffic between Winbourne and Burrundulla at Mudgee, particularly with Cox’ workmen and domestic servants.
Some of Cox’ workmen married Aboriginal women. (More information about Diana Mudgee following). Diana Mudgee partnered and had children by three men, two of them Cox’s workmen. Perhaps readers will be able to forward me more information about this.
George Cox’s Letters to his Sons also suggests Aboriginal people married and moved from Winbourne to Mudgee and vice versa.
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