NSW MAP as occupied by native tribes:
Click: Map Fraser NSW Native Tribes 1882

NSW MAP depicting boundaries of Aboriginal tribes:

Click:Tindale Map

From our 'Let's Chat' section comes this added information on the Mawbey family from Lorraine:

My ancestors were at Apple Tree Flat 1865/66 George and Jane Hedger and their family. I would love to know if anyone has information on them. I do have a book called 'Breelong and her neighbours - along the Castlereach' You may be able to buy it second hand but I don't think it is available new. Written by John and Cheryl Mudford. George died in 1898 at Dubbo and Jane lived at Apple Tree Flat until her death in 1929 when she was 92 years old. She was good friends with Sarah Mawbey. Regards Lorraine


Hi Diane, Jane married George Hedger in 1856 her maiden name was Court - parents were Jane Conway and John Court (convict) he was a tinsmith. They had 12 children and one of these, Herbert Hedger was my great grandfather. What we know is that when they first got married they went to work on a property west of Come By Chance, Jane became friends with the aboriginal women as she was alone for months at a time, and was midwife to some of their chidren, as she had 4 children out there they may have returned the favour. George carted wood down to Mudgee and provisions back to Mr White's property. In 1866a they went to live at Apple Tree flat between Gilgandra and Mendooran, of course Breelong also lies between these two towns. Jane would have been at the Mawbey's house with Sarah that day but some of her children and grandchildren were ill so she stayed home. It has been said in our family stories that she helped to lay out the bodies of Sarah and her children. She died at Apple Tree Flat in 1929. My great grandmother was Ada Jones, she was Herbert's cousin. Have you searched on the web in Trove Newspapers for information regarding the Mawbey's Kind regards Lorraine

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Wiradjuri Nation: Jimmy Governor cont., P.13

wiradjuri country rock formation mudgee Rock formations in the Mudgee district.

Mudgee Country:


Jimmy and Joe reportedly hid in the caves in the Wilpinjong area on Bungulla.
He was seen travelling through the Wilpinjong valley after the murders, travelling through the Carr property where local folklore says Annie Carr hid under the bed to avoid him.
Well known author of bushranger history, Andrew Stackpoole writes that Jimmy Governor was born in Talbragar NSW in 1867 and baptised a Church of England, being a half-caste Aborigine. Jimmy became a horsebreaker, wood splitter, station hand and black tracker with the NSW Police at Cassilis. Jimmy was well educated.
Jimmy was well liked in the Gulgong, Cassilis region, but he had a tendency to violence and depression. In 1900 he married a white girl, 16-year-old Ethel Mary Jane Page, at Gulgong. The couple were employed by John Mawbey at Breelong, near Gilgandra. Because he married a white girl, the couple received a lot of abuse and taunts, particularly from Mrs Mawbey and another woman, Helen Kerz.

There is a very good blog on the Mawbey family written by retired journalist Pamela Mawbey at http://mawbeyfamilyaustralia.blogspot.com Pamela also writes a forensic on Jimmy Governor at http://jimmygovernorforensic.blogspot.com

Jimmy and Ethel were joined by other members of Jimmy’s family, and because he was employed, he became responsible for feeding them, as is Aboriginal custom. Many of his family also disapproved of his choice of a bride, which resulted in a lot of tension and infighting. Ethel went to the Mawbey homestead to ask for a ration of flour and words developed between Mrs Mawbey, Helen Kerz and Ethel.
On being told of the conflict, Jimmy approached Mr Mawbey, who promised the rations would be provided, but Jimmy returned to the homestead to demand an apology from the women with his mate, Jacky Underwood, armed with a Winchester rifle and two axes. After another altercation, the two men axed the two women to death, then murdered two Mawbey children and a friend, Elsie Clarke. Another boy, Bert, managed to escape and raise the alarm.
A manhunt for the Jimmy, Joe and Jacky ensued, with Jimmy using his police tracker knowledge to outsmart and embarrass the hunters. A 73-year-old man was murdered at Ulan and his wife critically wounded, two women, one pregnant, and a 15 month old baby at Poggy Station near Merriwa were battered, one woman surviving, another old man at Wollar murdered and a 15-year-old girl raped. In all, nine died and three were seriously wounded, all either women, children or aged people.
The transgressors also broke into a number of homes and sheds and ransacked them, and all in all, 80 crimes were committed. One thousand pounds was posted for their capture. People feared for their lives, from Dunedoo to Gulgong, to Barrington Tops, Port Macquarie, Nundle and the Moonee Range.
Jacky Underwood was caught and hanged at Dubbo on January 14, 1901.
Jimmy was shot in the mouth on October 13 by two civilians. In pain he fled but was caught two weeks later at Bobbin Creek, north of Wingham and taken to Darkinghurst Gaol in Sydney and hanged on January 18, 1901.
Joe headed to the Aboriginal settlement at St Clair, north of Singleton. He was shot by two graziers between Muswellbrook and Singleton on October 31.
Ethel Governor eventually remarried and had 10 children. She died in 1945 in Newington State Hospital.
As a result of the rampage, the Aboriginal people of Wollar were forcibly removed to the Brewarrina mission.

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